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Thursday, July 4, 2019

All Time is Now • The first Rock 'n' Roll song?

What was the first Rock 'n' Roll song?
The history of Rock 'n' Roll music is full of brilliant mistakes; the goofs, the after thoughts, "Hell, we're just messin' around." and the unintended consequences of catching lightning in a bottle... by instinct and/or by accident.

What was the first? 

There is a lot of debate about what is the first true Rock 'n' Roll recording. Is it Big Joe Turner's, "Shake, Rattle and Roll" in 1954 or Bill Haley and His Comets' version of "Shake, Rattle and Roll" later that same year (with a different arrangement and vibe). Some go back even further... Big "Mama" Thornton's original version of "Hound Dog" in 1953, or Fats Dominoe's "The Fat Man" in 1949, there's also the great Wynonie Harris', "Good Rockin' Tonight" in 1948 or Freddie Slack's "House of Blue Lights" in 1946. Or the often-sited, "Rocket 88" by Jackie Brenston and his Delta Cats (AKA Ike Turner and the Kings of Rhythm) in 1951. 

But, of course there's also what went down at Memphis Recording Service / SUN Studios on July 5th, 1954. The day when Elvis Presley, Scotty Moore and Bill Black recorded Arthur Crudup's, "That's All Right, Mama". 

— Elvis, Bill, Scotty and Sam at Memphis Recording —

That's when it ALL came together. 

And here's why; for me the exciting thing about the birth of Rock 'n' Roll is the mixture of genres and cultures, with opposites / polarities meeting, blending, mixing and smashing together in such a way that if one was to dissect it and try and look at each unique part... there would be no cracks that anyone could see, there are no seams, you cannot see the joins. The blend is flawless. 

What went into it and what came out?
It is the Black and the White blending in harmony. 

When I say, Black Culture, we all have some idea of what that is... musically speaking; Gospel, Blues, R&B, Soul, and on through the decades to Hip-Hop and Rap, etc. etc. Whatever you thought, would probably be right, It's a deep, deep culture. 

And [if you'll indulge me for the purposes of this essay] if I say White Culture, (a term that likely has more of a socio-political impression than a musical one) one might be talking about, Sacred Hymns, Irish folk, Hillbilly music, Tin Pan Alley, or Country music and, Western (which actually used to refer to ballads from Western films!). There is a rich deep culture on both sides of the tracks. 

The often mentioned, Ike Turner's "Rocket 88" is a record that rocks! No doubt about it, and is one of the most important revolutionary moments in recorded history, period. 

Unfortunately, Ike Turner's legacy has now been boiled down to basically his cocaine-fueled beatings of Tina in the 1970's. But he was also a brilliant bandleader in the 50's, 60's and well into the 70's, influencing a whole generation of British rockers (The Beatles, The Stones, etc. etc. etc.) The former fact is always mentioned, while the latter is rarely mentioned, if at all. 

"Rocket 88" is great, but it isn't all encompassing, it doesn't involve ALL music genres. And it doesn't have to, "Rocket 88" musically is very much rooted in the black Rhythm & Jump Blues of the 1940's and 50's. Its revolution is in the distorted rhythm guitar being forward in the mix. (distorted because legend has it, the amp fell off the car on route to the studio, causing the sound to be all dirty).

— "Rocket 88" by Jackie Brenston and his Delta Cats —

Ike himself in an interview with Holger Petersen published in his book TALKING MUSIC: Blues Radio and Roots Music said...

“… they say "Rocket 88" was the first Rock 'n' Roll song, but the truth of the matter is, I don't think that "Rocket 88" is Rock 'n' Roll. I think that "Rocket 88" is R&B, but I think "Rocket 88" is the cause of rock and roll existing...” 

I agree with Ike, the other early contenders I mentioned above were based very much in musical styles that contributed to Rock 'n' Roll, from Boogie Woogie to the jumped up post Big Band Blues and R&B of the 1940's. Elvis' version of "That's All Right, Mama" effortlessly seems to be everything at once, incorporating and blending at least six distinct musical genres or sub-genres. 

Earlier, on that fateful day, July 5th at the SUN Session, Elvis is recording some Dean Martin ballads and Country songs. It's not exactly going that well. Nice kid, good voice, but nothing special at all. During a break, Elvis' picks up his guitar and is goofin' around playing a Hillbilly version of a Blues song by Arthur Crudup. The rest of the guys join in. 
(For some context, here's the original from 1946)...

— "That's All Right, Mama"  by Arthur Crudup (original version) —

— "That's All Right, Mama"  by Elvis Presley, Scotty & Bill —

Sam Phillps is in the other room and hears this, comes back in the studio and says, 

"What's that? What are you doing?!?" 

Elvis' replies, "Oh we're just messin' around." 

Sam says quickly, "Well, go back and do it again and I'll roll tape." 

  

"What Was That?"

A Blues wail with a Country holler 
The Sacred church with the Gospel spiritual 
Jumpin' Jive with a Hillbilly hiccup 
Boogie Woogie with a Western Swing 

Yes, "Just messin' around" 

With the Black and with the White. 



And Elvis isn't alone in all this. "Just messin' around" with him is Scotty Moore whose revolutionary guitar work can best be described as Jazz licks with a Country Twang. 
And the rhythm? 
Well those aren't drums that you hear (there was no drummer on the session). It is the pure rhythm engine of Bill Black, slappin' the double bass with some SUN studio slap-back delay on top. Playin' a jumped up Blues beat as if in a Hillbilly hoedown. 

Upon listening to the playback of the song, bassist Bill Black said, "If anyone hears this, we'll be run out of town!" Only someone who lived in the South during the fifties fully knows what he meant by that. But there was no denying, this was something new, exciting, hell, this was different! 


This moment is no doubt the birth of Rockabilly. But with any great Big Bang moment, it will shoot off into numerous directions... taking with it the tributaries of the past which now will be heard in a different way with different ears. The past led to this moment in time, and now the future will expand from this moment in time. Forward and backwards. 


The next evening, the trio got together again to record a B-Side, after going over some songs, and again during a break, Bill Black, jokingly started playing Bill Monroe's "Blue Moon of Kentucky" singing in a high pitched voice impersonating Monroe. Elvis joins in singing in his own voice and lightning struck again. But this is from the opposite direction... where "That's All Right, Mama" was a Hillbilly version of a Blues song, this was a Jumped up R&B version of a Bluegrass song. 

"We're just messin' around."
(For some context, here's the original from 1947)...




— "Blue Moon of Kentucky" by Bill Monroe (original version) —





— "Blue Moon of Kentucky" by Elvis Presley, Scotty & Bill — 

The first session wasn't a fluke, this again was something new! The boys recorded two versions, one slow and one fast. After listening to the playback of the fast one, Sam Phillips, exclaimed, "Fine, man! Hell, that's different. That's a Pop song now!" 
  
Elvis didn't steal Black music, he loved it. Many radio stations actually thought that he was black when he released his first records. But Elvis wasn't strictly an R&B artist. The record company pushed his singles to Country Radio. He was being accepted and rejected by both sides. The blending and mix of all this "messin' around" is because of who Elvis was, a poor Southern white boy from the wrong side of the tracks. With a love of black Rhythm & Blues (BB King to Big "Mama" Thornton) and of white Hillbilly Country (Jimmy Rogers to Hank Snow) and an enthusiasm to share what he had found. 


The Elvis' debut single, "That's All Right" by Elvis Presley, Scotty and Bill, came out on SUN Records (on 78rpm and 45rpm) on July 19th just two weeks after it was recorded. And by September, the B-Side, "Blue Moon of Kentucky" became the #1 radio hit in Memphis. Unfortunately due to a lack of national distribution it was just a regional hit, but it was the beginning of a new era that would change the world. And Elvis would get to record another single.

— Sam Phillips at Memphis Recording / SUN Studios —

Back on July 5th 1954 everything changed, I'm just glad Sam Phillips was there to get it all down on tape. 
  
But after all is said and done, 
It's only Rock 'n' Roll. 


Shark 


All Time is Now with DJ Shark
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Sunday, April 7, 2019

All Time is Now • #MMC-08 the first week of April

A L L   T I M E   i s   N O W
My playlist from Episode #MMC-08 – Hour One
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Leave Me Alone by Canadian Squires (AKA The Band)
Laisse-moi me reposer ("Hard Days Night" en fran├žais) 
[The Beatles cover] by Les Baronets
Julianna by Five Man Electrical Band
Get Behind The Wheel by Neil Young

Where Evil Grows by Poppy Family
Baby Step Back by Gordon Lightfoot
Darling Be Home Soon [Mono] by The Lovin' Spoonful
How Do You Talk To An Angel by Lou Reed

Mama Told Me (Not To Come) by Three Dog Night
Trip Through Your Wires by U2
I Can't Forget [Leonard Cohen cover] by Pixies
Love Is A First by The Tragically Hip
Theme from "A Summer Place" by Percy Faith & His Orchestra
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I stumbled out of bed, I got ready for the struggle
I smoked a cigarette And I tightened up my gut
I said this can't be me, Must be my double
And I can't forget, I can't forget
I can't forget but I don't remember what
’cause It’s Only Rock ‘n’ Roll.
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All Time is Now with DJ Shark
Heard 'round the World
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For your listening pleasure, 
every Sunday at 7pm & 10pm (Eastern) and 
every Wednesday (encore) at 7pm at…

www.MapleMusicCafe.com

For your listening pleasure, 
and to share with your friends,
archival episodes can be found at…


Sunday, March 31, 2019

All Time is Now • #MMC-07 the third week of March

A L L   T I M E   i s   N O W
My playlist from Episode #MMC-7 – Hour One
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Shakin' All Over [Johnny Kidd & The Pirates cover] by Guess Who?
Latromotion by Fred Latremouille & The Classics
Mr. Soul [Buffalo Springfield cover] by Cher
Pretty Bad Boy by Goddo
Dancing' (On A Saturday Night) [Barry Blue cover] by Bond

We Are Going To Be Friends (Live) by White Stripes
We Don't Talk Much Anymore by Skydiggers
Diamonds Diamonds by Kim Mitchell with Barenaked Ladies
Keep The Car Running by Arcade Fire

Love Is A Stranger [Eurythmics cover] by Hannah Georgas feat. Montaigne
Beats by Begonia
She's A Lady [Tom Jones cover] by Ali Campbell
Smoothie by Sly & Robbie meet Dubmatix 
feat. Prince Alla, Screechy Dan & Negative
The Ground Beneath Her Feet by U2 with Daniel Lanois
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Love is a stranger of a different kind
To take you away and leave you far behind
And love, love, love is a dangerous drug
You have too receive it and you still can't get enough of the stuff
’cause It’s Only Rock ‘n’ Roll.
-

All Time is Now with DJ Shark
Heard 'round the World
-
For your listening pleasure, 
every Sunday at 7pm & 10pm (Eastern) and 
every Wednesday (rebroadcast) at 7pm at…

www.MapleMusicCafe.com

For your listening pleasure, 
and to share with your friends,
archival episodes can be found at…


Sunday, March 3, 2019

ALL TIME is NOW • #MMC-06 the last week of Feb

A L L   T I M E   i s   N O W
My playlist from Episode #MMC-6 – Hour One
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Keep On Running [Jackie Edwards cover] by Grant Smith and the Power
Roller by April Wine 
Raised On Robbery by Joni Mitchell
Waiting For The Man (Live) [Velvet Underground cover] by Carole Pope
Long May You Run (Unplugged) by Neil Young

Most of The Time by Bob Dylan
Try (remix) by Blue Rodeo
You've Made Me So Very Happy by Brenda Holloway
Born To Wander by Rare Earth

Stick To Your Vision [The Guess Who sample] by Maestro
Best I Ever Had by Drake
Unbound by Robbie Robertson feat. Caroline MacKendrick
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I've seen a lot of valleys, I've seen a lot of peaks
I've seen the bitter with the sweet, victory and defeat
Sometimes I fell, but a voice kept saying'
Son, Stick To Your Vision, peep the composition
’cause It’s Only Rock ‘n’ Roll.
-

All Time is Now with DJ Shark
Heard 'round the World
-
For your listening pleasure, 
every Sunday at 7pm & 10pm (Eastern) and 
every Wednesday (rebroadcast) at 7pm at…

www.MapleMusicCafe.com

For your listening pleasure, 
and to share with your friends,
archival episodes can be found at…


Sunday, February 17, 2019

All Time is Now • #MMC-05 the second week of Feb

A L L   T I M E   i s   N O W
My playlist from Episode #MMC-5 – Hour One
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Oh Je Veux Etre A Toi ("I Wanna Be Your Man" en fran├žais) 
[The Beatles cover] by Les Baronets
They Say by Les 409
I Feel It All 
by Feist
High Ticket Attractions by New Pornographers
Three Pistols by Tragically Hip
Hello Hooray by Alice Cooper Band
My Wheels Won't Turn by Bachman-Turner Overdrive
Limelight by Rush
Rock 'n' Roll (Live) by Lou Reed

Rag Mama Rag (Live) [The Band cover] by Little Feet
Youth of Ellington by Black Uhuru
Wondering Where The Lions Are by Bruce Cockburn
Five Card Stud by Lorne Greene
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Jenny said, when she was just five years old
There was nothin' happening at all
Every time she puts on the radio
There was nothin' goin' down at all, not at all
Then, one fine mornin', she puts on a Canadian station
You know, she couldn't believe what she heard at all
She started shakin' to that fine, fine music

’cause It’s Only Rock ‘n’ Roll.
-

All Time is Now with DJ Shark
Heard 'round the World
-
For your listening pleasure, 
every Sunday at 7pm & 10pm (Eastern) and 
every Wednesday (rebroadcast) at 7pm at…

www.MapleMusicCafe.com

For your listening pleasure, 
and to share with your friends,
archival episodes can be found at…